gradle - exclude a module in multi-module nested project

Suppose you have a multi-module gradle project with nested structure. Eg: module A depends on B, B depends on C and so on. And you want to exclude module C from A.

So, here's how you can exclude a 'transitive' module prj-C from prj-B at Project A

build.gradle -- at Project A

dependencies {
    implementation ( project(':prj-B')){   //note the parenthesis
        exclude group: '', module: 'prj-C'
    //other dependencies


If you want to exclude a transitive dependency (not the module) you can do the following:

dependencies {
    implementation ''{
        exclude group: '', name : 'libararyB'
    //other dependencies

Java Sort Map by Value

Java Sort Map By Value

The following snippet works for any Type

static <K, V extends Comparable<? super V>> Map<K, V> sortByValue(Map<K, V> map) {
return map.entrySet()
.collect(toMap(Map.Entry::getKey, Map.Entry::getValue, (e1, e2) -> e1, LinkedHashMap::new));

Reverse Order

static <K, V extends Comparable<? super V>> Map<K, V> sortByValue(Map<K, V> map) {
return map.entrySet()
.collect(toMap(Map.Entry::getKey, Map.Entry::getValue, (e1, e2) -> e1, LinkedHashMap::new));

Complete Code with test!

import java.util.*;

import static java.lang.System.out;
import static java.util.Collections.reverseOrder;
import static java.util.Map.Entry.comparingByValue;
import static;

public class MapUtil {

public static <K, V extends Comparable<? super V>> Map<K, V> sortByValue(Map<K, V> map) {
return map.entrySet()
.collect(toMap(Map.Entry::getKey, Map.Entry::getValue, (e1, e2) -> e1, LinkedHashMap::new));

public static <K, V extends Comparable<? super V>> Map<K, V> sortByValueReverseOrder(Map<K, V> map) {
return map.entrySet()
.collect(toMap(Map.Entry::getKey, Map.Entry::getValue, (e1, e2) -> e1, LinkedHashMap::new));

public static void main(String[] args) {
Map<Integer, String> unsortedMap = Map.of(
1, "G",
2, "J",
3, "A",
4, "Y",
5, "N",
6, "O");



JavaCV Configuration in Windows

I had published a article on how to configure JavaCV on windows machine about 5 year back. Since then a lot of changes has been made to JavaCV:
  • The repository host Google Code stopped their services
  • JavaCV team moved to github with a different package name. They have replaced the "com.googlecode.javacv.cpp." package with "org.bytedeco.opencv." or "org.bytedeco.javacv"
  • They ( probably OpenCV too) moved some classes here and there.  eg:  the static method cvSaveImage is now under org.bytedeco.opencv.helper.opencv_imgcodecs.cvSaveImage package. It was on com.googlecode.javacv.cpp.opencv_highgui.cvSaveImage  before.
  • Finally the good thing is the installation/setup steps has been easier than before.  This is because they have wrapped all libraries files (dll, so ) into the platform specific jar files and we don't need to install and configure the OpenCV binaries separately

Setup Steps:

1) Install the JDK on your system. 

You can choose between 3 options:
  • OpenJDK or
  • Sun JDK or

2) Download the JavaCV binaries.

2.a) Manually:
2.b) Automatically - Using Maven (Recommended)

3) Project Setup:

3.a) Basic project using Eclipse/Netbeans,Intellij or other IDE
Extract the JavaCV binaries and add all the jars into your classpath.

3.b) Maven Project Setup:
If you want to use Maven you need to add the dependencies as in 2.b) in your pom.xml file. There is already a sample project available on GitHub. Download it and import into  your IDE. It has a sample code to capture images from webcam.

GitHub Sample Project URL:

Sample Code to Capture Images from WebCam:

Happy Coding ...

Solve - Hyper-v not compatible on VMware player

I had enabled hyper-visor when installing docker in my system. But it seems it needs to be disabled to allow VMware run smoothly.

The error that I got from VMware.
Hyper-V not compatible - VMWare Error




Here's how I solved it:

1) Run command prompt as Administrator
2) Run the following command to disable hyper visor launcher
  C:\>bcdedit /set hypervisorlaunchtype off

If you want to enable it back to run Docker, the following command will help.
  C:\>bcdedit /set hypervisorlaunchtype auto

MySql get full name from last first mid name

Using CONCAT_WS to extract full name from first , middle and last name. 

It also handles the case that the mid_name can be empty or null or even have multiple spaces!

SELECT id, email,
    CASE WHEN mid_name IS NULL OR TRIM(mid_name) ='' THEN
        CONCAT_WS( " ", first_name, last_name )
        CONCAT_WS( " ", first_name, mid_name, last_name )
    END AS full_name

JPA EntityManager get Session Object in Hibernate

How to get Session object from JPA EntityManager

With Hibernate (JPA 2.0 implementation), you would do:


//1. Inject/Autowire Entity Manager
private EntityManager entityManager;    //javax.persistence.EntityManager 

//2. Get Session Object 
Session session = entityManager.unwrap(Session.class);  //org.hibernate.Session

Hibernate Create Update Delete child objects - Best way

Hibernate Create Update Delete child objects - Best way

AngularJS Download File From Server - Best way with Java Spring Backend

Here's how you can download a file from server using AngularJS.

In this example, the client sends a API call to Java server to download a file /api/download/{id} and server sends the base64 data stream download for a given file id.

Below is the snippet from working code. The code is pretty descriptive.
This will allow you to download any type of file.

AngularJS controller method:

function downloadReportFile(fileId) {
    Download.downloadQueuedReport({id: fileId}, function (response) {

        var anchor = angular.element('<a/>');
            href: 'data:application/octet-stream;base64,' +,
            target: '_self',
            download: response.headers.filename        });



AngularJS service to do the API call:

'downloadQueuedReport': {
    method: 'GET',
    url: 'api/download/:id',
    params: {id: '@id'},
    transformResponse: function (data, headers) {
        var response = {}; = data;
        // take note of headers() call        response.headers = headers();
        return response;

Spring Powered Backend REST API 

@RequestMapping(value = "api/download/{id}",
    method = RequestMethod.GET,
 public ResponseEntity<byte[]> downloadReportFile(@PathVariable Long id) {
    log.debug("REST request to download report file");

    File file = getReportFile(id); // a method that returns file for given ID
    if (!file.exists()) { // handle FNF
        return ResponseEntity.status(HttpStatus.INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR).body(null);

    try {
        FileSystemResource fileResource = new FileSystemResource(file);

        byte[] base64Bytes = Base64.encodeBase64(IOUtils.toByteArray(fileResource.getInputStream()));

        HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders();
        headers.add("filename", fileResource.getFilename());

        return ResponseEntity.ok().headers(headers).body(base64Bytes);
    } catch (IOException e) {
        log.error("Failed to download file ", e);
        return ResponseEntity.status(HttpStatus.INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR).body(null);


How browserSync actually works ?

How BrowserSync actually works ?

BrowserSync starts a small Node.js server which injects a script ( as below) into the webpage that it's monitoring.The script makes use of WebSockets to communicate between server and client to watch for changes to the code or browser actions. As soon as BrowserSync detects an action ( either in one browser or a server code) it performs a page reload.

<script id="__bs_script__">

    document.write("<script async src='/browser-sync/browser-sync-client.2.11.2.js'> <\/script>".replace("HOST", location.hostname));

If you’re already using a local web server or need to connect to a live website, you can start BrowserSync as a proxy server. See how to do this.

Articles related to BrowserSync /Grunt configuration:

BrowserSync local server proxy configuration

Integrate BrowserSync - with existing local server :

In this example, I will show how we can configure BrowserSync - Grunt task with you existing existing webapp that is running on a local server.

If you want to know the details on
  • how to configure the BrowserSync and Watch tasks  on Grunt, Please visit my previous post :

The configuration is simple : You just need to let the browserSync to know URL of your local server.

options: {
         proxy: "local.server-URL"

The final Gruntfile.js file : (full configuration is already described on my earlier blog  post
BrowserSync Grunt configuration - Multi browswer Live Reload )

module.exports = function(grunt) {
  // Task configuration will go here
   watch: {
   browserSync: {
       bsFiles: {
         src: [
           "css/*.css", "js/.js", "./*.html" //search file/folders
       options: {
         proxy: "local.server-URL" // NEEDS TO BE CONFIGURED
  // Load tasks dependencies
  // Setup default task
  // both browserSync and watch will run when running >grunt command
  grunt.registerTask('default', ['browserSync', 'watch']);